Linux Programmer’s Manual
atexit − register a function to be called at normal process termination
int atexit(void (* function)(void));
The atexit() function registers the given function to be called at normal process termination, either via
exit(3) or via return from the program’s main(). Functions so registered are called in the reverse order of
their registration; no arguments are passed.
The same function may be registered multiple times: it is called once for each registration.
POSIX.1-2001 requires that an implementation allow at least ATEXIT_MAX (32) such functions to be
registered. The actual limit supported by an implementation can be obtained using sysconf(3).
When a child process is created via fork(2), it inherits copies of its parent’s registrations. Upon a success-
ful call to one of the exec(3) functions, all registrations are removed.
The atexit() function returns the value 0 if successful; otherwise it returns a nonzero value.
SVr4, 4.3BSD, C89, C99, POSIX.1-2001.
Functions registered using atexit() (and on_exit(3)) are not called if a process terminates abnormally
because of the delivery of a signal.
If one of the functions registered functions calls _exit(2), then any remaining functions are not invoked, and
the other process termination steps performed by exit(3) are not performed.
POSIX.1-2001 says that the result of calling exit(3) more than once (i.e., calling exit(3) within a function
registered using atexit(3)) is undefined. On some systems (but not Linux), this can result in an infinite
recursion; portable programs should not invoke exit(3) inside a function registered using atexit(3).
The atexit() and on_exit(3) functions register functions on the same list: at normal process termination, the
registered functions are invoked in rev erse order of their registration by these two functions.
POSIX.1-2001 says that the result is undefined if longjmp(3) is used to terminate execution of one of