UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE SECOND CIRCUIT
August Term, 2003
(Argued: November 17, 2003
Decided: December 18, 2003)
Docket Nos. 03-2235 (L); 03-2438 (Con.)
JOSE PADILLA, Donna R. Newman, as Next Friend of Jose Padilla,
Before: POOLER, B.D. PARKER and WESLEY, Circuit Judges.
Donald Rumsfeld, the Secretary of Defense, and Jose Padilla, by his next friend Donna R.
Newman, Esq., cross-appeal on questions certified by the District Court for the Southern District
of New York (Mukasey, C.J.) arising from a petition for a writ of habeas corpus filed on behalf
of Padilla challenging his detention as an enemy combatant.
Affirmed in part, reversed in part, and remanded. Judge Wesley dissents in part in a
PAUL D. CLEMENT, Deputy Solicitor General, Washington, D.C. (David B. Salmons, Sri
Srinivasan, Assistants to the Solicitor General, Jonathan L. Marcus, Attorney, Department of
Justice, Washington, D.C., James B. Comey, United States Attorney for the Southern District of
New York, Eric B. Bruce, Christine H. Chung, Assistant United States Attorneys, New York,
NY, on the brief), for Respondent-Appellant-Cross-Appellee.
DONNA R. NEWMAN, ANDREW G. PATEL, New York, NY, for Petitioner-Appellee-Cross-
JENNY S. MARTINEZ, Stanford, CA; David W. DeBruin, Donald B. Verrilli, Jr., Sharon M.
McGowan, Jenner & Block LLC, Washington, D.C., for Amici Curiae Hon. John J. Gibbons,
Hon. Nathaniel R. Jones, Hon. Abner J. Mikva, Hon. William A. Norris, Hon. H. Lee Sarokin,
Hon. Harold R. Tyler, Jr., Donald Francis Donovan, Scott Greathead, Robert E. Juceam, Philip
Allen Lacovara, Robert Todd Lang, Robert M. Pennoyer, Barbara Paul Robinson, and William
D. Zabel in support of Petitioner.
Alfred P. Carlton, Jr., American Bar Association; Jo