APA HEADING GUIDE
EXAMPLE OF LEVEL FIVE HEADING
Level five headings are usually only used for dissertation chapter headings. They are all
capitals and centered.
Example of Level One Heading
First level headings are subordinate to the chapter heading. They separate major sections
of the paper. They are centered, with capitals and lower case.
Example of Level Three Heading
Level three headings are flush left, italics, with capitals and lower case.
Example of level four heading. Level four headings are subordinate to level three
headings. They are indented and italics. They use capitals and lower case followed by a period.
The text follows on the same line.
Subordinate headings. It is important that you have more than one subheading of the
same level in each section where it is used. If you have only one subheading, then perhaps the
section does not need to be subdivided.
Guidelines for Headings
You should avoid “stacking” headings one of top of the other with no intervening text.
You should use at least one heading every two to three manuscript pages to help guide the reader
through changes in topic.
You should use the minimum number of heading levels needed. You will generally use
only two or three levels. Level Two headings, which are in italics and centered, are rarely used.