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SP (SJF3883) T04098/2
© UCLES 2006
UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS
General Certificate of Education Advanced Level
Paper 4 Data Response and Essay (Supplement)
2 hours 15 minutes
Additional Materials: Answer Booklet/Paper
READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST
If you have been given an Answer Booklet, follow the instructions on the front cover of the Booklet.
Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in.
Write in dark blue or black pen.
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams, graphs or rough working.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
Answer this Question 1 and any two questions from Section B.
You may answer with reference to your own economy or other economies that you have studied where
relevant to the question.
At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.
Answer this question.
United Nations’ Development Programme Report
A report stated that the average GDP per capita in Namibia in 2001 was US$7120,
and the country was 124th out of 175 countries in the Human Development Index of
the United Nations. While some countries had experienced a boom in the 1990s, 50
nations, half of them in Africa, were worse off in 2001 than in 1990, with more
people going hungry and life expectancy falling. In those countries, prices of crucial
exports had fallen, foreign aid had declined and the number of people with
HIV/AIDS had increased. The same report also stated that in Africa 40% of the
people live on less than $1 a day. This was contrasted with the amount of subsidy
given to European farmers, who received $43 a day for each cow they owned.
The values of the Human Development Index for selected African countries were: