April 23, 2009
PANLILIO, Margaux Marie D. (CTP)
What is Curriculum?
I have done research over the Internet regarding the definition of curriculum, and I can see that the word
“curriculum” has numerous definitions, which can be slightly confusing for me since I haven’t really thought
about the real definition of this ever since I entered school and graduated from it. In its broadest sense I think a
curriculum may refer to all courses offered at a school - A complete program of learning which includes the
following components: Identified, desired results; A design for, and suggested sequence of, activities; Suggested
methods of assessment for evaluation1. When we say desired results this means the overarching
understandings and basic information students should know, as well as skills they should be able to use, as the
result of a given program; these take into account the developmental needs of students of differing ages and are
clearly identified in the curriculum2. This is particularly true of schools at the university level, where the diversity
and uniqueness of a curriculum might be an attractive point to a potential student.
A curriculum may also refer to a defined and prescribed course of studies, which students must fulfill in
order to pass a certain level of education3. For example, an elementary school might discuss how its curriculum,
or its entire sum of lessons and teachings, is designed to help students learn the basics and improve their
understanding on the things happening around them. A teacher might also refer to her curriculum where she’ll
base all the subjects and activities that will be taught during a school year; this is where she needs to base her
lesson objectives, the sequence of the subjects she’ll discuss and their corresponding activities for learning
enrichment, her assessment on what was learned and her student evaluation.