2006 The Washington Institute for Near East Policy
Timeline of Turkish-Israeli Relations, 19492006
March 28: Turkey is among the first countries to recognize the state of Israel.
August 29: Israeli prime minister David Ben-Gurion and Turkish prime minister Adnan Menderes
meet secretly to form the basis for their nations' partnership, agreeing upon the "peripheral pact."
This pact would involve joint public-relations campaigns to influence the citizens in each nation, an
exchange of intelligence information, and support of each other's military advancements.
June: Turkey joins the community of Arab nations in condemning Israeli gains in the Six-Day War
and calling for Israel's withdrawal from the lands it occupied after the war. Turkey abstains, however,
from signing on to a clause referring to Israel as an "aggressor state."
September 25: Turkey opposes the conclusion of the Organization of the Islamic Conference meeting
held in Rabat, Morocco, which calls for a break in diplomatic relations with Israel.
October: Yasser Arafat travels to Ankara to open a Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) office.
December 3: Turkey announces its plan to downgrade diplomatic relations with Israel to a symbolic
levelwith duties performed by a "second secretary"citing Israel's continued "unconciliatory"
policy on Middle East problems. The Turkish foreign ministry spokesman, Oktay Iscen, says that
Israel was notified of the decision on November 26, and stresses that the "second secretary"
representation will commence on a "reciprocal" basis.
Israel appoints Yehuda Millo, a diplomat with minister-counselor rank, as charge d'affaires to
September: Turkey appoints Ekrem Guvendiren, a diplomat with ambassadorial rank, as its "second
secretary" in Tel Aviv. Guvendiren takes up the appointment on September 5.
September 6: Two men described as Arabs enter the Neve Shalom synagogue in Istanbul during
Sabbath prayers and fire