ARISE AGAIN, O INDIA !
* Dedicated : To India, who gave me so much.
By François Gautier
CHAPTER 1: WHO ARE THE HINDUS?
Let’s say it right away: there are no Hindus… This word was invented by European
colonizers to designate a people which lived in the valley of the Indus. The exact
appellation should be “Indu”, a term which was actually used for centuries by
outsiders, to name all India’s inhabitants, be they Muslims, Christians, Buddhists or
Hindus. But when Indus became Hindus at the hands of western colonizers, it grew
to be a source of confusion and had catastrophic consequences for Indian history:
it brought indirectly the terrible partition of the subcontinent and is partly
responsible today for the inter-religious strife in India.
Who are the Hindus then – or shall we say Indus? Western (and unfortunately also
Indian) historians have often reduced Hinduism to a code of moral conduct and a
set of rites and rituals, or have even negated Hinduism by associating it only with
the hated system of castes, forgetting that Hinduism was not only a wonderful
system of thought, which influenced many of the philosophical systems of our
planet, but that it was – and hopefully still is today, even if it has lost some of its
early purity – a unique spirituality, which went beyond all religions in the true spirit
of “Induity”. It may be necessary then – even for Indians, who often seem to have
very little idea of the greatness of their culture – to remind the readers of a few of
the lasting principles of Hinduism.
In the beginning for the Hindus, the world was only the Being without duality: Sat.
Certain sects of Hinduism even said that before man, before any living organism,
there was only Non-Being: a-sat. But how could the Being emerge from Non-
Being? In the beginning then, this world must have been Pure Being, unique,
without past, present or future:
“It was the hour before the Gods awake.
Across the path of the divine Event
The huge f