Analysis of Type of Business Coding
for the Top 1,000 Contractors
Receiving Small Business
Awards in FY 2002
Eagle Eye Publishers, Inc.
under contract number SBAHQ-02-M0465 (Part 2)
Release Date: December 2004
The statements, findings, conclusions, and recommendations found in this study are those
of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Office of Advocacy, the
United States Small Business Administration, or the United States Government.
Analysis of Type-of-Business Coding for the Top 1,000
Contractors Receiving Small Business Awards in FY 2002
by Eagle Eye Publishers, Inc.
2004.  pages. Fairfax, Va. 22030
under contract no SBAHQ-02-M0465 (Part 2)
This Small Business Research Summary (ISSN 1076-8904) summarizes one of a series of research papers prepared under contracts
issued by the U.S. Small Business Administration’s Office of Advocacy. The opinions and recommendations of the authors of this study do
not necessarily reflect official policies of the SBA or other agencies of the U.S. government. For more information, write to the Office of
Advocacy at 409 Third Street S.W., Washington, DC 20416, or visit the office’s Internet site at www.sba.gov/advo.
The Individual Contract Action Report (ICAR),
maintained by the General Services Administration’s
(GSA’s) Federal Procurement Data System (FPDS) is
the government’s master contract database of how
agencies spend available procurement dollars.
Information entered into the FPDS plays a critical
role in measuring the success or failure of small
business procurement policies each year.
A review of the transaction records coded as being
awarded to small businesses in the ICAR file identi-
fied large vendors as some of the actual recipients.
This calls into question the reliability of the FPDS in
determining contractor size. Drawing extensively
from data in the ICAR file, this study provides a pre-