The Constitution of the State of Arkansas
is the governing document of the U.S. state
of Arkansas. It was adopted in 1874, shortly
after the Brooks-Baxter War;
events together marked the end of Recon-
struction in Arkansas, two years before the
disputed 1876 presidential election ended it
Adopted toward the end of Reconstruction,
the new constitution provided a transition
period between it and its predecessor.
The Arkansas Constitution Preamble reads:
We, the People of the State of Arkansas,
grateful to Almighty God for the
privilege of choosing our own form of
government; for our civil and religious
liberty; and desiring to perpetuate its
blessings, and secure the same to our
selves and posterity; do ordain and
establish this Constitution.
Article 1: Boundaries
Defines the physical boundaries of the State.
Article 2: Declaration of
Source: Arkansas Constitution
1. Source of Power.
All political power is inherent in the
people and government is instituted for their
protection, security and benefit; and they
have the right to alter, reform or abolish the
same, in such manner as they may think
2. Freedom and Independence.
All men are created equally free and inde-
pendent, and have certain inherent and inali-
enable rights; amongst which are those of en-
joying and defending life and liberty; of ac-
quiring, possessing and protecting property,
and reputation; and of pursuing their own
happiness. To secure these rights govern-
ments are instituted among men, deriving
their just powers from the consent of the
3. Equality before the law.
The equality of all persons before the law
is recognized, and shall ever remain inviol-
ate; nor shall any citizen ever be deprived of
any right, privilege or immunity; nor exemp-
ted from any burden or duty, on account of
race, color or previous condition.
4. Right of assembly and of petition.
The right of the people peaceably to as-
semble, to consult for the common good; and
to petition, by add