Web Server and Type of Web Servers
A server can software and hardware for serving HTTP files that uses different networking
protocols and especially HTTP (hypertext transport protocol) respond to client requests. Web
server is like an internet server that responds to HTTP requests for delivering services and content.
Web server never disconnects from internet. Each web server has its own IP address that are
comprises between 0 and 255. And these numbers are separated by period (.). Web servers helps to
manage multiple domains on single server.
Types of Web Servers: -
Apache – It is one of the most popular web server designed and developed by Apache software
foundation. Apache supports almost all operating systems such as Linux, Windows, Unix FreeBSD,
Mac OS X and other operating systems. Around 60% of machines run on Apache web server. Apache
is highly stable as compare to other web servers. You can install Apache on multiple platforms. With
its latest version, Apache can handle more requests when compared to earlier version.
Microsoft IIS – IIS is a server that offers features same as Apache offers. But this server is not an
open source. So, adding personal modules, modifying becomes bit difficult. IIS server supports all
platforms running on Windows operating system. Along with features you will also get good
Nginx – Nginx is next open source web server. It comprises with IMAP/ POP3 proxy server. Some of
the features of Nginx are: -
Low resource usage
No threads are used to handle requests. Instead a highly scalable event-driven architecture uses
small and predictable amount of memory under load is utilized. It has become recently popular and
hosts about 7.5% of all domains. Web hosting companies have started using Nginx server.
LiteSpeed Web Server (LSWS) – It is the 4th popular web server on internet and is commercial
web server. LiteSpeed offers improved performance with low operating co