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What is Dyspraxia?
Dyspraxia was previously known as the clumsy child
syndrome and is referred to elsewhere as developmental co-
A dyspraxic child will have difficulties with gross and/or fine
motor control. Gross motor control is related to whole body
or limb movements. Fine motor control is related to hand and
finger movement, eye movement and the organs of speech.
Each child will have a unique constellation of difficulties
which then affect many aspects of his life.
There are other terms in use which you might
come across. These are:
i) Graphomotor dyspraxia which means writing difficulties.
ii) Constructional dyspraxia, where a child might have
difficulty in knowing how to place things in relation to
one another and thus have a difficulty, for instance,
making a model.
iii) Ideomotor dyspraxia, where a child might have a
difficulty with a particular motor task, such as picking up
a mug or plate.
iv) Ideational dyspraxia, where a child has difficulty in
organising and carrying out a sequence of operations.
v) Verbal dyspraxia or articulatory dyspraxia. This can
affect different aspects of speech production, i.e.: correct
breathing, controlling the rhythm, speed and volume of
speech, pronouncing parts of words in the correct order,
and also the swallow reflex.
vi) Oculomotor dyspraxia which relates to eye movements.
What is the cause of Dyspraxia?
It is thought that dyspraxia represents a neurological
immaturity or lack of development, particularly in the right
cerebral cortex of the brain.
How many children are
Different research studies yield different estimates of the
prevalence of dyspraxia. Estimates vary from 2% - 10% of
the child population.
Dyspraxia is thought to affect more boys than girls in the ratio
of approx 3-4 to 1.
How do I know if my