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Acne - Types, Causes and Treatments
By: Jason Uvios
Acne Vulgaris, commonly referred to as pimples, is an inflammatory disease of the skin. This condition is very common in puberty.
As one reaches their early twenties, it either disappears or decreases. Acne begins because of the comedo, an enlarged hair follicle
plugged with oil and bacteria. The comedo is invisible to the naked eye and is present beneath the surface of the skin. When it gets
the right condition, it grows into an inflameda lesion. The oil produced from the skin helps bacteria to flourish within the swollen
Non-inflammatory acre are of two types Closed comedo or white head, and Open comedo or black head. There are 4 types of
- Papule: It is the mildest form that appears on the skin as a small, firm pink bump.
- Pustule: They are small round lesions containing visible pus. They may appear red at the base and yellowish or whitish at the
- Nodule or Cyst: Large and painful, they are pus-filled lesions lodged deep within the skin. The nodules may persist for weeks or
months with the contents hardening into a deep cyst. Both nodules and cysts often leave deep scars.
Acne Conglobata: This severe bacterial infection develops mostly on the back, buttocks and chest.
The chief causes of acne are hormones like androgen, production of extra sebum, follicle fallout, bacteria and inflammation. For
controlling acne, you can carry out the following steps:
- Avoid excessive washing of your skin. It can leave the healthy skin dry, thus irritating the acne prone areas. Over-washing may
also stimulate extra oil production.
- Avoid alcohol products to tone your skin. Alcohol is a strong astringent that strips the top layer of the skin causing sebaceous
glands to produce more oil.
- Do not squeeze or pick the acne with fin