SOKOINE UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE
FACULTY OF FORESTRY AND NATURE CONSERVATION
DEPARTMENT OF WILDLFIE MANAGEMENT
INTRODUCTION TO TOURISM
COURSE CODE: BTM 100
Programme: Bachelor of Tourism Management (BTM) year I
& BSc. Wildlife Management (BSc. WLM) year I
ACADEMIC YEAR 2008/2009
What is Tourism?
Definition of Tourism Concept:
The amorphous nature of tourism has made it difficult to structure its definition. Most of
academic writers tend to craft their definitions to suit their specific purposes, here are
Tourism is Defined as:-
The temporary movement of people to destinations outside the normal places of work and
residence, activities undertaken during their stay in those destinations, and the facilities
created to carter for their needs. (Mathieson & Wall, 1982).
Tourism comprises of the activities of persons traveling to, and staying in places outside
their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business or
other purposes. (WTO, 1991)
Tourism is the study of man away from his usual habitat, of the industry which responds
to his needs and the impacts that both he and the industry have for the host socio-cultural,
economic and environment. (Jaffari, 1991)
Tourism society of England, (1976), defines Tourism as ‘The temporary short-term
movement of people to destinations outside places where they normally live and work,
their activities during their stay at these destinations. It includes movement for all
purposes, as well as day visits or excursions’.
Tourism is defined as ‘ The activities of persons traveling to and staying in places outside
their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business, and
other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place
visited’ (WTO AND UNSTAT,1994).
There have been many attempts to define the word tourism .one of the most enduring
definitions is that used by the tourism society.
Both of these definitions offer a clear insight into the scope