Trade and Agriculture
What’s at Stake for Arizona?
U.S. Department of Agriculture
Foreign Agricultural Service
Arizona is an important producer and exporter of agricultural products. In 2006 the
State's cash farm receipts totaled $2.9 billion. As for exports, Arizona shipped an
estimated $520 million in agricultural products in 2006. Agricultural exports help boost
farm prices and income, while supporting about 6,200 jobs both on and off the farm in
food processing, storage, and transportation. Exports remain important to Alabama's
agricultural and statewide economy. Measured as exports divided by farm cash receipts,
the State's reliance on agricultural exports was 18 percent in 2006.
Arizona's top five agricultural exports in 2006 were:
• cotton -- $123 million
• vegetables and preparations -- $105 million
• dairy products -- $40 million
• planting seeds -- $39 million
• wheat and products $35 million
World demand for these products is increasing, but so is competition among suppliers. If
Arizona's farmers, ranchers, and food processors are to compete successfully for the
export opportunities of the 21st century, they need fair trade and more open access to
growing global markets.
How Trade Agreements Benefit Arizona Agriculture
Arizona’s cattle and calf industry accounts for nearly 20 percent of the state’s farm cash
receipts. Arizona agriculture has benefited as some of the top international markets
significantly reduced tariffs on cattle and beef. Under the NAFTA, Mexico eliminated its
15 percent tariff on live slaughter cattle, its 20-percent tariff on chilled beef, and its 25
percent tariff on frozen beef. Mexico is one of the fastest growing markets for U.S. beef.
U.S. beef exports to Mexico rose from the 1993 pre-NAFTA level of 39,000 tons valued
at $116 million to 207,000 tons valued at $596 million in 2002.
Under the U.S.-Central America-Dominican Republic Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-
DR), Arizona’s vegetable industry will benefi