Glossary of important japanese terms
daihyôsha ( K Z S )
In general: representative of a social group or corporation. In the four hamlets of the village Ueda it
designates the heads of the local young men’s associations.
Paper-sign. Cult object, offering and symbol ofsacredness within official Shinto. It consists of white
paper cut in a prescribed manner, sometimes it is also made of gold, silver or paper of five different
colors. In its typical zigzag-form it hangs down, flat or as a kind of tassle, from a stick, from the top
of a bamboo stalk or from a sakaki-twig, to which it is fastened. If set up or put on top of an object,
the object thus prepared designates the abode of a deity. It can also serve in ceremonies for ritual pu-
rification (ôharai 2 82 I,-. ) in which case it is swung several times to the right and left by a priest.
It can also be used as an offering and is then set up in front of the sanctuary of a specific deity to which
it is meant to be given. It may be noted that in the Ômihachiman-region on top of several cult-torches,
instead of the usual gohei, a bundle of reed ears is found, obviously with the same meaning.
Specific rank of the old shrine rank system. Between village shrine (sonsha M ti ) and province shrine
(fukensha ~3 R ti ). In the region of Ômihachiman it generally means a shrine superior in rank to
several local ujigami-shrines. Its position is either based on its significance as the original shrine (see
motomiya) or it was designated to this status by decree during the Meiji-aera. In regard to their relation
to the ujigumi-shrines there are two types in the region. Either the subordinate ujigami-shrines are,
as in Ueda, preserved as independent unities with their own festivals (see uchi-mu?sun) or the subordi-
nate shrines have been given up as independent unities. Their cult-objects (goshintai B pp w ) are
in this case transferred to the shrine of higher order. The uchi-matsuri are then no longer held; only
the common gôsha-matsuri takes place. The difference of these syst