Development Report No 18
Gold Strike in the Breadbasket:
Indigenous Livelihoods, the World Bank, and
Territorial Restructuring in Western Ghana
By Albert T. Armstrong
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About the Author
Albert T. Armstrong received a M.A. degree in Anthropology from California State University,
East Bay. His internship experience at Food First and this Food First development report were
the basis for his Masters thesis in applied cultural anthropology. Mr. Armstrong earned his B.A.
in Anthropology from the University of California, Berkeley.
©2008 Institute for Food and Development Policy. Please do not copy without permission.
GOLD STRIKE IN THE BREADBASKET
I gratefully acknowledge the support of all the staff and interns at Food First. I owe special
thanks to Marilyn Borchardt and Eric Holt-Giménez for providing me with the opportunity to
complete a policy research internship at Food First. My internship experience and this
development report became the basis for my M.A. thesis in applied cultural anthropology.
Thank you Eric for helping to keep my research on track, reviewing the manuscript, and
offering constructive criticism. I am grateful to Nikki Reisch at the Bank Information Center
for helping to narrow the focus of my research to World Bank-supported gold mining
activities in western Ghana, and to Ute Hausmann at FIAN-Germany for her detailed
comments and factual corrections. Jody Zaitlin provided effective assistance as copy editor. I
wish to thank my partner Helen Poynton for her invaluable technical assistance with the
tables and figures. Finally, I would like to acknowledge my former professors in the
Department of Anthropology at California State University East Bay, Laurie J. Price, Laura
C. Nelson, Peter J. Claus, and George R. Miller, who challen