Consumer Product Safety Commission
Bed end structure means an upright
unit at the head and foot of the bed to
which the side rails attach.
Bunk bed means a bed in which the
underside of any foundation is over 30
inches (760 mm) from the floor.
Foundation means the base or support
on which a mattress rests.
Guardrail means a rail or guard on a
side of the upper bunk to prevent a
sleeping occupant from falling or roll-
§ 1213.3 Requirements.
(a) Guardrails. (1) Any bunk bed shall
provide at least two guardrails, at least
one on each side of the bed, for each
bed having the underside of its founda-
tion more than 30 inches (760 mm) from
(2) One guardrail shall be continuous
between each of the bed’s end struc-
tures. ‘‘Continuous’’ means that any
gap between the guardrail and end
structure shall not exceed 0.22 inches
(5.6 mm) (so as to not cause a finger en-
trapment hazard for a child).
(3) The other guardrail may termi-
nate before reaching the bed’s end
structures, providing there is no more
than 15 inches (380 mm) between either
end of the guardrail and the nearest
bed end structures.
(4) For bunk beds designed to have a
ladder attached to one side of the bed,
the continuous guardrail shall be on
the other side of the bed.
(5) Guardrails shall be attached so
that they cannot be removed without
either intentionally releasing a fas-
tening device or applying forces se-
quentially in different directions.
(6) The upper edge of the guardrails
shall be no less than 5 inches (130 mm)
above the top surface of the mattress
when a mattress of the maximum
thickness specified by the bed manu-
facturer’s instructions is on the bed.
This requirement does not prohibit a
wall-side guardrail that terminates in
a quarter-circle bend and attaches to
the side rail of the upper bunk founda-
(7) With no mattress on the bed,
there shall be no openings in the struc-
ture between the lower edge of the up-
permost member of the guardrail and