The Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor is the principal Federal agency responsible for measuring labor market activity, working conditions, and price changes in the economy.
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8:30 a.m. (ET) November 10, 2021
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CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – OCTOBER 2021
The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.9 percent in October on a
seasonally adjusted basis after rising 0.4 percent in September, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. Over the last 12 months, the all items index increased 6.2 percent before seasonal
The monthly all items seasonally adjusted increase was broad-based, with increases in the indexes for
energy, shelter, food, used cars and trucks, and new vehicles among the larger contributors. The energy
index rose 4.8 percent over the month, as the gasoline index increased 6.1 percent and the other major
energy component indexes also rose. The food index increased 0.9 percent as the index for food at home
rose 1.0 percent.
The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.6 percent in October after increasing 0.2 percent in
September. Most component indexes increased over the month. Along with shelter, used cars and trucks,
and new vehicles, the indexes for medical care, for household furnishing and operations, and for
recreation all increased in October. The indexes for airline fares and for alcoholic beverages were among
the few to decline over the month.
The all items index rose 6.2 percent for the 12 months ending October, the largest 12-month increase
since the period ending November 1990. The index for all items less food and energy rose 4.6 percent
over the last 12 months, the largest 12-month increase since the period ending August 1991. The energy
index rose 30.0 percent over the last 12 months, and the food index increased 5.3 percent.