Diomedes, King of Argos
Diomedes or Diomed
Diomēdēs; English translation: "God-like cun-
ning" or "advised by Zeus") is a hero in Greek
mythology, mostly known for his participation
in the Trojan War. He was born to Tydeus
and Deipyle and later became King of Argos,
Adrastus. In Homer’s Iliad Diomedes is re-
garded alongside Ajax as the second-best
warriors of all the Achaeans. He, his paternal
uncle Heracles and his close companion
Odysseus are the favoured heroes of Athena.
In Virgil’s Aeneid he is one of the warriors
who entered the Trojan Horse shortly before
the sack of Troy.
Athena counseling Diomedes shortly before
he enters the battle - (Schlossbrücke, Berlin).
Diomedes was on his father’s side, an Aetoli-
an, and on his mother’s, an Argive. This is so
because his father Tydeus left Calydon and
fled to Argos in order to avoid being prosec-
uted by his uncle Agrius. He married King
Adrastus’s daughter Deipyle.
Tydeus participated in the expedition,
known as the Seven Against Thebes. This ex-
pedition failed and all leaders, including Ty-
deus were killed. Tydeus was Athena’s favor-
ite warrior at the time and when he was dy-
ing, she wanted to offer him Immortality.
Diomedes is mainly known for his participa-
tion in the Trojan War. According to Homer,
Diomedes enters the war with a fleet of 80
ships, third only to the contributions of
Agamemnon (100 ships) and Nestor (90).
EPIGONI) fought under his command with
their armies. Sthenelus was the driver of
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Diomedes’ chariot and probably his closest
friend. All the troops from Argos, Tiryns,
Troezen and some other cities were headed
by Diomedes. According to some interpreta-
tions, Diomedes is represented in the epic as
the most valiant soldier of the war, who nev-
er commits hubris. He’s often referred to by
Homer as the youngest amongst the Ach