Office of Commonwealth's Attorney
The Commonwealth's Attorney is a constitutional officer of the
Commonwealth of Virginia. As such, he is not an officer or
employee of the County from which he was elected. In this
jurisdiction, the Commonwealth's Attorney is elected by voters of
Fairfax City and Fairfax County.
The Office of the Commonwealth's Attorney (OCA) is charged
primarily with the prosecution of crime. This office prosecutes
criminal and traffic matters in the Fairfax County General District
Court, criminal and delinquency matters in the Juvenile and
Domestic Relations District Court, and all felony cases in the
Fairfax County Circuit Court. The office handles both the violation
of County ordinances and the violation of state statutes.
The caseload of the office is substantial and is one of the highest
per prosecutor in the Commonwealth. For example, it handles
such offenses as murder, rape, robbery, burglary and illegal drug
sales, from arrest to trial. It prosecutes a wide variety of
misdemeanor and traffic cases, including more than 4,000 driving
thousands of assaults, and
thousands of petty thefts.
State law specifically mandates certain duties for the Commonwealth's Attorney. He is charged with advising
the Grand Jury relative to their duties, representing the Electoral Board in certain election matters, and
advising any officers or employees of Fairfax City or Fairfax County on matters involving conflict of interest.
On a daily basis, the OCA works with numerous law enforcement units (e.g., State Police, Fairfax County
Police, Fairfax City Police, the Town of Herndon and Town of Vienna Police, game wardens and humane
agents) in the course of investigations and in response to questions concerning criminal law.
constitutional officer of the Commonwealth
of Virginia (the Commonwealth seal is
depicted above), elected by the voters of