You Decide - Weighing the Pros and Cons of Geothermal Energy
There has been an ongoing debate pertaining to the pros and cons of geothermal energy. Before we can begin to discuss the advantages and
disadvantages, we need to have a clear understanding of what exactly geothermal energy is.
4,000 miles below the Earth's surface is incredibly hot. It is thought to be over 7,000 degrees Fahrenheit. While this temperature is extremely
dangerous and must be avoided, if you were to drill about 3 or 4 miles below the Earth's surface, you can find a hot rock that is far less dangerous, and
it is at only 300 to 400 Fahrenheit. This rock and heat can be used as a constant source of heat but would prove to be very expensive.
Now while drilling and using this hot rock can be extremely expensive, there are other alternatives. In some places, only a few hundred feet below the
surface there are areas that have combined this hot rock and underground water to produce hot water streams. This is the most economic source of
heat below the earth and can be used in a number of ways. The heat can be used to heat homes, businesses and even run large farms or provide
energy for greenhouses.
The constant source of geothermal energy comes with a number of benefits and a number of concerns. These pros and cons mostly relate to
environmental issues, overall cost and reliability.
In terms of environmental effects, the impact of geothermal energy has more benefits than disadvantages. Geothermal facilities do not emit any
emissions and on the whole, these factories take up far less space than any gas plants that are used for the same process. This is because the
facilities do not require any underground pipelines to distribute fuel. Essentially geothermal energy is a universal contributor to a cleaner, safer and
On top of the environmental benefits, geothermal plants are not only more efficient but are also very reliable. The system is much simpler all around
and there are a lot less problems that can occur