American Materia Medica,
Developing the Latest Acquired Knowledge of
Drugs, and Especially of the Direct Action of
Single Drugs Upon Exact Conditions of Disease,
with Especial Reference of the Therapeutics of
the Plant Drugs of the Americas.
FINLEY ELLINGWOOD, M.D.
Late Professor of Materia Medica and Therapeutics in Bennett Medical College,
Chicago; Professor of Chemistry in Bennett Medical College 1884-1898; Author, and
Editor of Ellingwood's Therapeutist; Member National Eclectic Medical Association;
American Medical Editors' Association.
Abridged to include only the botanical entries,
and arranged in alphabetical order by latin names
Southwest School of Botanical Medicine
P.O. Box 4565, Bisbee, AZ 85603
Tannic acid, resin, volatile oil.
Canada pitch, or gum hemlock, is the prepared concrete juice of the
pinus canadensis. The juice exudes from the tree, and is collected by
boiling the bark in water, or boiling the hemlock knots, which are rich in
resin. It is composed of one or more resins, and a minute quantity of
volatile oil. Canada pitch of commerce is in reddish-brown, brittle masses,
of a faint odor, and slight taste.
Oil of hemlock is obtained by distilling the branches with water. It is a
volatile liquid, having a terebinthinate odor and taste.
Canada Pitch Plaster
Tincture of the fresh hemlock boughs
Tincture of the fresh inner bark.
Specific Medicine Pinus. Dose, from five to sixty minims.
The hemlock spruce produces three medicines; the gum, used in the form
of a plaster as a rubifacient in rheumatism and kindred complaints; the
volatile oil—oil of hemlock—or a tincture of the fresh boughs, used as a
diuretic in diseases of the urinary organs, and wherever a terebinthinate
remedy is indicated; and a tincture of the fresh inner bark, an astringent
with specific properties, used locally, and internally in catarrh.
Therapy—Gastric irritation and vo