Gaccione – American History CP [Page 1]
Chapter 10 Test Review 4.18
1) David Wilmot and the Wilmot Proviso – David is a democratic congressman from Pennsylvania whose
proposal, the Wilmot Proviso, proposed that slavery should be made illegal.
Reason southerners opposed it – Because “slaves were property” protected by the U.S.
The Compromise of 1850
Proposed by Henry Clay, main: [John C. Calhoun/Henry Clay vs. Daniel Webster] to settle the
argument about slavery
i. California remains free.
ii. Utah/Mexico get popular sovereignty to decide slave laws
Texas-Mexico border is resolved [Texas paid $10,000,000 via federal government]
iv. D.C. bans slave trading, but not slavery itself.
v. Tougher fugitive slave laws.
3) Popular Sovereignty – where residents of a region decide the laws for themselves [ex: see 4, ii]
4) Underground Railroad – secret network which slaves used to escape slavery
a. Harriet Tubman – most famous conductor of it. Born a slave in 1820/1. Became very strong,
escaped her owner in 1849. Bounty on her head was $40,000. She never let herself or her people
get captured. Was called “moses.”
2) Uncle Tom’s Cabin – her very melodramatic novel about slavery which sold more than 1,000,000 copies
and stirred people.
Stephen Douglas – Senator who helped steer compromise to victory, and considered most responsible for
resurrecting the issue of slavery.
Kansas-Nebraska Act – Divide territory into Nebraska north, Kansas south, and give popular
sovereignty to the entire region. Caused a lot of debate and towards 1854, people looked west.
i. Motives for Proposing Kansas-Nebraska Act
1. Wanted a railroad to be constructed between Chicago and San Francisco as
opposed to what southerners wanted, Memphis/New Orleans to San Francisco.
2. Wanted western lands incorporated into the Union.
3. Wanted Popular Sovereignty in Nebraska too.
Believed popular sovereignty was the democratic way to resolve the
6) Border Ruffians – people from Missouri l