Every child has the right to receive complete nutrition in the form of a
balanced diet. This diet helps in proper growth and development of the
body. But there are many unlucky children who do not even get one
square meal a day, which leads to malnutrition. Children in under-
developed and developing nations are severely undernourished or
malnourished due to unavailability of proper food.
Malnutrition is often referred to as a lack of proper nutritional food
which can lead to a number of health disorders. People from these
countries are almost poor and are unable to suffice the nutrient
requirement of their children.
Kwashiorkor is a kind of disorder which affects children and is caused
due to malnutrition. It has a very deteriorating effect on health. This
disease is commonly seen in countries which suffer from drought.
Poverty is also one of the main causes of malnutrition. Kwashiorkor
mainly attacks children who are below 5 years of age, and is commonly
seen in children who have been weaned of breast milk. Breast milk is a
rich source of amino acids and proteins which are essential for the
growth of the child. Once the child has been weaned from breast milk,
the nutrients need to be replaced with other protein foods.
Causes of Kwashiorkor
Kwashiorkor is caused by a diet low in protein. It can also arise due
to infections, parasites, or other conditions that interfere with protein
absorption from the gastrointestinal tract. It is most common in
children living in areas hit by drought and famine, but it can be related
to dietary changes due to milk allergies in infants, fad diets, poor
nutritional education, or a chaotic home life.
A child who is a victim of Kwashiorkor is completely malnourished.
Such a child will exhibit the following symptoms of protein
Inability to gain weight and stunted growth.
The rib cage is visible due to a decrease in the muscle mass.
Large and protruding belly, due to fluid or water retent