The Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor is the principal Federal agency responsible for measuring labor market activity, working conditions, and price changes in the economy.
For Release: Friday, January 29, 2021
MID-ATLANTIC INFORMATION OFFICE: Philadelphia, Pa.
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Union Members in Maryland — 2020
In 2020, union members accounted for 13.1 percent of wage and salary workers in Maryland, compared with
11.3 percent in 2019, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Acting Regional Commissioner Frank
Waligorski noted that the union membership rate for the state was at its peak in 1989, when it averaged 16.0
percent, and at its low point in 2015 at 10.4 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Nationwide, union members
accounted for 10.8 percent of employed wage and salary workers in 2020, up by 0.5 percentage point from
Maryland had 351,000 union members in 2020. In addition to these members, another 29,000 wage and salary
workers in Maryland were represented by a union on their main job or covered by an employee association or
contract while not union members themselves.
Nationwide, 14.3 million wage and salary workers were union members in 2020 and 1.7 million wage and
salary workers were not affiliated with a union but had jobs covered by a union contract. The number of wage
and salary workers belonging to unions (14.3 million) was down by 321,000, or 2.2 percent, from 2019.
However, the decline in total wage and salary employment was 9.6 million (mostly among nonunion workers),
or 6.7 percent. The disproportionately large decline in total wage and salary employment compared with the
decline in the number of union members led to an increase in the union membership rate.
(1) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
(2) Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association
Note: Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time w