B A C K G R O U N D E R
1. Most terrorist incidents in the United States have been
bombing attacks, involving detonated and undetonated explo-
sive devices, tear gas and pipe and fire bombs.
2. The effects of terrorism can vary significantly from loss of
life and injuries to property damage and disruptions in services
such as electricity, water supply, public transportation and
3. One way governments attempt to reduce our vulnerability
to terrorist incidents is by increasing security at airports and
other public facilities. The U.S. government also works with
other countries to limit the sources of support for terrorism.
WHAT IS TERRORISM?
From 1983 to 1991, the Federal Bureau of Investigation identified 101 terrorist incidents
in the United States.
T E R R O R I S M
Terrorism is the use of force or
violence against persons or property
in violation of the criminal laws of
the United States for purposes of
intimidation, coercion or ransom.
Terrorists often use threats to create
fear among the public, to try to
convince citizens that their govern-
ment is powerless to prevent terror-
ism, and to get immediate publicity
for their causes.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation
(FBI) categorizes terrorism in the
United States as one of two types —
domestic terrorism or international
Domestic terrorism involves groups
or individuals whose terrorist
activities are directed at elements of
our government or population
without foreign direction.
International terrorism involves
groups or individuals whose
terrorist activities are foreign-based
and/or directed by countries or
groups outside the United States or
whose activities transcend national
EMERGENCY PUBLIC INFORMATION
BIOLOGICAL AND CHEMICAL WEAPONS
Biological agents are infectious microbes or toxins used to produce illness or death in people, animals or plants. Biological agents can be
dispersed as aerosols or airborne particles. Terrorists may use biological agents to contamina