COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT REFORM
U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
MAY 26, 2005
Bill Comparison: The Clean Sports Act (H.R. 2565)
and the Drug-Free Sports Act (H.R. 1862)
The Clean Sports Act (H.R. 2565), introduced by Reps. Tom Davis, Henry Waxman, Mark
Souder, and Elijah Cummings, and the Drug-Free Sports Act (H.R. 1862), introduced by Rep.
Cliff Stearns, share the same goals and the same general approach: they both establish drug-
testing standards for professional sports based on the Olympic model.
On two key issues — the drugs that players will be tested for and the penalties for positive tests
— the bills are similar. Both bills would require professional sports leagues to test for the range
of performance-enhancing drugs banned in Olympic competition. And both bills require a two-
year suspension for a first violation, followed by a lifetime ban for a second violation.
But there are important differences:
• Number of Tests. H.R. 1862, the Commerce Committee legislation, requires that players
face only two tests per year; the Clean Sports Act requires sports leagues to randomly test
each player at least three times during the regular season and twice during the off-season
for a total of five times. Multiple tests during both the playing season and the off-season
are necessary to ensure a strong program. A two-test policy as in H.R. 1862 is a signal to a
player who has been tested once during the off-season and once during the regular season
that he can start using steroids without fear of detection.
• Promulgation of Standards. The Clean Sports Act requires leagues to consult with the
U.S. Anti-Doping agency to develop its drug testing protocols and provides the Office of
National Drug Control Policy Director — the nation’s Drug Czar — with the authority to
require additional leagues to the list of professional sports. The Drug Free Sports Act gives
the Secretary of Commerce the responsibility to issue regulations.
• Testing Protocols. The Clean