Bamboo forest in Kyoto, Japan
Kunth ex Dumort.
Around 92 genera and 5,000 species
See the full Taxonomy of the Bambuseae.
listen are a group of woody perennial
evergreen (except for certain temperate species) plants
in the true grass family Poaceae, subfamily Bam-
busoideae, tribe Bambuseae. Some are giant bamboos,
the largest members of the grass family. Bamboos are
the fastest growing woody plants in the world. Their
growth rate (up to 60 centimeters (24 in.)/day) is due to
a unique rhizome-dependent system, but is highly de-
pendent on local soil and climate conditions.
They are of economic and high cultural significance
in East Asia and South East Asia where they are used ex-
tensively in gardens, as a building material, and as a food
There are more than 70 genera divided into about
1,000 species. They are found in diverse climates, from
cold mountains to hot tropical regions. They occur
across East Asia, from 50°N latitude in Sakhalin through
to Northern Australia, and west to India and the Him-
alayas. They also occur in sub-Saharan Africa, and in
the Americas from the Southeastern United States
south to Argentina and Chile, reaching their southern-
most point anywhere, at 47°S latitude. Major areas with
no native bamboos include Europe and Antarctica.
Terms in other languages
Bamboo is known as bambus in German, Norwegian, Pol-
ish and Icelandic; bambusz in Hungarian; Spanish and
Italian as bambú; Filipino as kawayan; Chamorro as piao;
Standard Mandarin as zhu (Chinese: ?; pinyin: zhú);
Japanese as take (Kanji: ?; Hiragana: ?? ); Korean as dae
(?) or daenamu (???); Vietnamese as Tre /tʃe/; Hindi as