Diabetic Ketoacidosis is a condition in which the body cells are unable to get glucose for
energy due to low or no insulin secretion by the pancreas. Thus for energy requirement the
body system start breakdown stored fat for energy, break down of fat produces toxic acid
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially life-threatening complication in diabetic patients. It
mostly happens in those with type 1 diabetes and at many cases type-1 diabetes is first
diagnosed after a DKA episode. It can also occur in those with type 2 diabetes under certain
circumstances. DKA episode occurs when there is an absolute shortage of insulin; in
response the body switches to burn fatty acids and producing acidic ketones that cause most
of the ketoacidosis symptoms and complications.
Ketoacidosis Symptoms | Ketosis symptoms
Once break down of fat happens, it produces ketoacidosis symptoms mostly within 24 hours.
Most common ketoacidosis symptoms are nausea & vomiting, thirst, excessive urination and
severe pain in the abdomen. Hyperglycemia or high blood sugar levels can be noticed during
or just at the beginning of the ketoacidosis episode.
Ketoacidosis is due to low or no insulin; low insulin may be caused by emotional feeling,
physical illness, alcohol abuse and improper insulin therapy.
DKA are frequently happens to those who have diabetes, it may also be the first presentation
in someone who is not previously diagnosed as diabetes. Young patients with recurrent DKA
may be due to eating disorder, or may be using insufficient insulin due to the fear of gaining
Ketoacidosis diagnosis test | Ketosis diagnosis test
Ketosis increases blood glucose level, releases ketones and dehydration. So ketosis test
involves blood glucose test, urine ketone test and eletrolyte test.
Diabetic ketoacidosis may be diagnosed with the combination of hyperglycemia or high blood
sugars, ketones on urinalysis and acidosis are shown.
Ketoacidosis Treatment |