THE AMERICAN RECOVERY AND REINVESTMENT ACT OF 2009
SAVING AND CREATING JOBS AND REFORMING EDUCATION
In a global economy where the most valuable skill you can sell is your knowledge, a good
education is no longer just a pathway to opportunity— it is a pre-requisite. The countries that
out-teach us today will out-compete us tomorrow.
—President Barack Obama, Feb. 24, 2009
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) provides approximately $100 billion for
education, creating a historic opportunity to save hundreds of thousands of jobs, support states and
school districts, and advance reforms and improvements that will create long‐lasting results for our
students and our nation including early learning, K‐12, and post‐secondary education. This document
describes the principles and strategy that will guide the distribution and implementation of the ARRA
funds appropriated to the U.S. Department of Education. Accompanying documents provide initial
guidelines for three components of ARRA education funding: the State Fiscal Stabilization Fund (SFSF),
Title I, Part A of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (Title I), and the Individuals with
Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Part B. Separately, we will issue guidelines on other ARRA funds as
they are developed. The Department will periodically provide updated information at www.ed.gov.
Principles: The overall goals of the ARRA are to stimulate the economy in the short term and invest in
education and other essential public services to ensure the long‐term economic health of our nation.
The success of the education part of the ARRA will depend on the shared commitment and responsibility
of students, parents, teachers, principals, superintendents, education boards, college presidents, state
school chiefs, governors, local officials, and federal officials. Collectively, we must advance ARRA’s
short‐term economic goals by investing quickly, and we must support ARRA’s long‐term economic goals