THAILAND’s Perspective on Skills Training in the Workplace
M.L. Puntrik Smiti
Deputy Director General, Department of Skill Development,
Ministry of Labour
Thailand has the population of 66.72 million (2009), of which 37.53 million
constitutes the country’s workforce. The employment system covers
approximately 35% of the total labour force, whilst 65% falls outside the
system. Amongst those within the employment system, 9.3 million are insured
under the social security system.
I. SKILLS DEVELOPMENT IN THE WORKPLACE IN THAILAND
The direction of skills development activities in the workplace appeared in
The National Economic and Social Development Plan, government policy and
the policy of the Minister of Labour, and the Master Plan of Labour 2007-2011
are the guidelines for implementation.
The 10th National Economic and Social Development Plan A.D 2007 -
The vision of Thailand is to develop the country follow His Majesty the
King’s Philosophy on Sufficiency Economy. The content deals with Human
Resources Development are:
(1) To develop the quality of people and the Thai society to be the knowledge-
(2) To develop the potential, competency and skills of people to cope with the
competitiveness of the country by increasing knowledge and skills for working
such as analytical skill, innovation, problem solving, decision-making, team
working, ethics and working discipline.
(3) To set up the learning and training systems that will enable people to work
with new technology as well as to increase productivity.
(4) To network from the basic education to the professional level, and link
between government, private sector, and the community for the labour
development. Organizing short courses training, promote in-plant training,
workplace learning, and the learning centre.
(5) To set up the system that matches the skills or competency to the wage
structure. The skill training should be extended to the vulnerable people and
people in the infor