A Basic UNIX Overview
UNIX FOR DOS ADDICTED WaReZ PuPPieZ AND THEIR PETS
One of the most common operating systems in existance is Unix. Unix
exists in many different flavors, from Berkeley BSD to AT&T System V
to SunOs. Basic working knowledge of Unix is almost essential to a
hacker, as it is the system a hacker is most likely to come across.
If you intend to use the internet at all, or to do any serious
exploration of Telenet, the ability to navigate through Unix is a
necessity. (Unix is also the single most interesting system in
existance: it's just fun to fuck with).
Most Unix logins look essentially the same. A general Unix login
prompt looks something like this:
connected to five.finger.com
That first line is the system identifier. Although it's not at all
essential to what you are doing, it's good to know what system you are
attempting to log on to.
The second line is what typically identifies the system you are on as
Unix. Almost all Unix systems greet a user with the same prompt:
Well, there's not much to do in Unix from the outside, and Unix
systems are typically fairly secure at this point. You may be able to
obtain a list of users, or current users, by logging in as 'who', but
other than that there are few functions available here.
Unless you are on the internet, or have accounts specifically for the
specific machine you are on, the only way on to the system is to try
the default passwords. What are the default passwords?
Unix systems come installed with certain passwords automatically. In
addition, some accounts must exist on a system. One such account is
'root'. This user is the divine Kami of the Unix system... in short,
an all access pass. Unfortunately, few systems allow root logins
remotely, and even fewer leave 'root' unpassworded. Nevertheless, it's
always worth a shot... try this: