by Cooperatives, 1990
Agricultural Exports by Cooperatives, 1990
Karen J. Spatz
Agricultural Cooperative Service
One hundred and sixteen agricultural cooperatives reported exports of
$4.1 billion in 1990. Cooperative share of U.S. agricultural exports was 6.2 per-
cent. Grains and feeds exports by 18 cooperatives accounted for the largest
dollar value, $1.6 billion or 38.7 percent of total. Forty-one cooperatives export-
ed fruits and fruit products, the largest number of cooperative exporters by com-
modity group. The largest market for cooperative exports was Southeast and
East Asia with almost 21 percent of cooperative exports.
Key Words: Cooperatives, cooperative exports, agricultural exports.
ACS Research Report 107
This report describes agricultural exports by cooperatives in 1990 in terms
of the number of cooperative exporters, dollar value of cooperative exports by
commodity and destination, method of export sales, and share of US. exports.
This study is conducted every 5 years by Agricultural Cooperative Service,
USDA. Previous reports include Agricultural Exports by Cooperatives, 1980 and
Agricultural Exports by Cooperatives, 1985.
Definitions are consistent with those of the Bureau of the Census. Free on
Board (f.o.b.) value includes all costs of delivering and loading goods on a stat-
ed carrier. Reported exports exclude shipments between the 50 States, Puerto
Rico, and island possessions and shipments in-transit from one foreign country
to another when documented as such by the U.S. Customs Service.
Data for this report were gathered from a 1 -page questionnaire. The initial
mailing was followed by a second mailing, and telephone contact for each non-
Cooperatives were requested to provide calendar year 1990 f.o.b. dollar
value of exports by commodity and destination, and percent exported by each
method of sale. These methods include: 1) sold directly to