Buying an Oriental rug can be an intimidating experience, but you needn’t be an expert to find the
perfect rug to suit your taste, lifestyle and budget. To help guide you, the following pages
introduce you to the history, art and craft of oriental rugs and furnish a glossary of rug
terminology. We next discuss factors that affect the value of a rug and criterion that you can use
to select the perfect rug for your home or office.
The art of weaving a rug is a gift passed down over many years from generation to generation.
The masters of this art come from places such as Iran, India, China, Pakistan, Afghanistan,
Nepal, Caucus, Turkey, Armenia, Romania and Russia.
Rug designs are inspired by the world around the artisan. Most designs are taken from nature
such as animals, gardens, mountains, or shrubs. They may also include everyday tasks and war
scenes in their more contemporary designs. Some designs are done from memory and are
passed down through the generations, but today the designs are done to scale on a graph of
paper called a "Cartoon". The weaver constructs the rug one knot at a time by following the
The finest sheep’s wool is sheared, washed and bleached. Then the fibers are straightening and
spun. Once this process is finished, it is dyed by one of the master dyers. The dyes are provided
by nature, which hold it’s own store of colors. Everything from soil to flowers to fruit can be used
to make these colorful dyes. The wool is dipped into large vats of color and then hung unrung to
Wool or cotton is stretched vertically across the loom, this is called the "warp thread" and the
weaver begins the tedious job of taking the dyed wool and knotting it around each of the warp
threads. After the completion of each row, a thread called the "weft thread" is inserted horizontally
and then the process is repeated row after row. A metal comb is used after several rows have
been completed to beat down the knots. Due to the fact that the rugs are knotted by hand the pil