Professor Malbone W. Graham
POLISH ENCYCLOPCEDIC PUBLICATIONS. II
A BRIEF OUTLINE
IMPRIMERIE ATAR, CORRATERIE. 12
POLISH ENCYCLOPEDIC PUBLICATIONS. II
A BRIEF OUTLINE
IMPRIMERIE ATAR. CORRATERIE, 12
The Polish cause has been the object of much mis-
representation by partisans of the three great empires
which were interested in suppressing inconvenient truths.
In consequence, the generous sympathy which has been so
long extended to the Poles is often based rather on senti-
ment than on a knowledge of the facts.
It is not possible
to form a just idea of the territorial and other rights of
nationalities, without having a clear, if general, notion of
their history and development. Those who have not
hitherto had time or opportunity to study the story of the
Polish nation will find in this little volume a succinct
exposition of the principal data, from which they may draw
their own conclusions.
The brief sketch of Polish history which we here
submit to the attention of the public forms part of a consi-
derable work of reference, the Polish Encyclopedia, which
we publish in French, and which is being translated into
This survey has been written specially for us
by Dr. Ladislas Konopczynski, professor at the University
of Cracow. We owe the translation to the kindness of
Professor Francis Benett, of Fribourg, to whom we tender
our grateful thanks.
T]\p Committee for the
Polish Encyclopaedic Publications.
History of Poland to 1815
The first centuries
The country situated on the Warta, between the Oder
and the Vistula, was the cradle of Poland. A thousand
years ago this region, later called Great Poland, was
still an immense forest land, though many spaces along
the rivers had been cleared and were already thickly
peopled. On the banks of the Warta lived the Polonians;
further on, to the east, the Kuyavians (Kujawiacy) , the