Albany, New York
— City —
City of Albany
Downtown Albany as seen from Rensselaer
Location in Albany County and the State of New York.
Location within the state of New York.
Coordinates: 42°39′35″N 73°46′53″W /
42.65972°N 73.78139°W / 42.65972; -73.78139
July 22, 1686
Gerald D. Jennings (D)
21.8 sq mi (56.6 km2)
21.4 sq mi (55.5 km2)
0.5 sq mi (1.2 km2) 2.15%
200 ft (60 m)
5,488.1/sq mi (2,118.4/
- Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
- Quebec City
GNIS feature ID
Albany is the capital of the state of New
York and the county seat of Albany County.
Albany is roughly 136 miles (219 km) north of
the city of New York, and slightly south of
the confluence of the Mohawk and Hudson
Rivers. The city sits on the Hudson River and
has a major port. The Hudson River has been
deepened so that ocean-going ships can
reach the city. As of July 2007, the city had
an estimated population of 94,172.
Albany has close ties with the nearby cit-
ies of Troy, Schenectady, and Saratoga
Springs, forming a region called the Capital
District, a historic area of the United
States. The bulk of this area is made up of
the Albany-Schenectady-Troy Metropolitan
Statistical Area (MSA), which has a popula-
tion of 850,957; this MSA is the fourth
largest urban area in New York and the 56th
largest MSA in the United States.
Albany was built on the site of the Dutch
Fort Orange and its surrounding community
of Beverwyck. The English acquired the
site from the Dutch in 1664 and renamed it
Albany, in honor of James II, Duke of Albany.
A 1686 document issued by Thomas Dongan
granted Albany its official charter