Advanced Hypertrophy Calf Training Program
Training and Hypertrophy - Gain Size!
There are three different types of muscle tissue in the human body: cardiac muscle, which
is only in the heart; smooth muscle, which is found in organs & blood vessels; and of
course skeletal muscle, which is found all over the body and is responsible for movement.
All three of these muscle types have distinctly different anatomical structure and function
in the body.
We know that muscles get bigger and stronger when put under stress, which is called
adaption. Which simply means that the muscle is preparing itself in case it's put under the
same type of stress again. An analogy is calluses on your hand, if you rub your hand on a
course surface causing enough friction eventually the skin adapts by building up calluses,
thus protecting it self from future happenings. Muscle reacts much the same way, if you
train them or put them under enough stress they will adapt to this stress by growing
bigger and stronger. So the next time you train them they will be capable of handling this
new level of stress. Now obviously that is a very basic explanation, but hang on to your
dumbbells we'll get more in depth!
Inside a muscle there are groups of motor units separated by membranes. Each motor
unit consists of a single neuron and all of the muscle fibers it stimulates. In muscles such
as the hand where fine motor control is necessary the ratio of nerves to fibers will be
much higher than that of a muscle such as the calf. Muscle fiber consists of myofibrils, a
myofibril is a small bundle of myofilaments. Myofilaments are mainly comprised of two
types of proteins called actin and myosin. The myofilament is the part of the muscle that
actually shortens upon contraction where the actin and myosin filaments slide over each
other, which is called the sliding filament theory. Basically by the way of chemical bonds
and receptor sites located on the myofilaments the actin and myosin attract each other
thereby causing a contractio