"Shital Pati" The
Aesthetic Art of
Assam Goes Well
With Its Name
From the light aroma of fresh tea trees to indigenous silk like Eri and
Muga, Assam has several attractions for us. One of such charisma is the
Shital Pati art which is also known as sital pati and sittal pati. The name
of the art itself defines everything about its beauty where Shital means
cool, pati means mats.
To create these mats material made up with long-stemmed knotless
reeds that grow profusely in boggy areas is used. Very thin cane strips
are used for making shital pati and it has the highest market value. The
approximate price of each shital pati is around Rs. 3000-6000.
Assamese artists are making cool and lustrous mats and other items like
ladies handbags, boxes or baskets from centuries. Pharsingpara and
Goalpara are the two well-known villages of Assam for Shittal Pati art
among all the other small villages of the town.
Murta plants are used as raw material for different types of Pati. The
Shital pati artisans are also called Patiara which is actually a community
of poor people. In spite of all the challenges, they keep on designing
different Shital pati items and now this art has become a sustainable
source of their income. Their handmade products are liked in different
parts of the country and abroad too.
The Unesco has recognized the traditional art of shital pati weaving of
sylhet and included it in the representative list of the intangible cultural
heritage of humanity.