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Allama Iqbal’s Presidential Address December 1930
Dr Allama Muhammad Iqbal ranks amongst the
Muslim intellectuals who left a deep impact on
history. He inspired Muslims of the Sub-Continent
and beyond. He infused a moving spirit and identity
in the Indian Muslims. He presented a framework of
their political future and talked how that would help
to achieve the goal of Ummah. He presented a
vision and dream in his Allahabad Address.
The Hindu-Muslim question had great importance
and stood crucial to British Indian history after 1857, especially in the 20th
century. To Muslims, the key issue remained ‘separate identity.’ They tried
their level best to make the rival nations understand that the Muslims are a
separate nation having different culture and civilization, interests and rights.
The Two Nations theory could not fascinate the Hindus and the British
peoples because they believed in ‘territorial nationalism’. The Hindus desired
to absorb them in their majority but they could not face the arguments of the
Muslim intellectuals. By 1930, Muslims had developed a sense of identity and
political demands. Iqbal delivered his Presidential address in this background.
Iqbal’s stay in Europe, 1905-08, helped
to crystallize his thoughts. He returned to
India in 1908 and started work on the
roots of Muslim decline and
mechanism to uplift the Muslims. He
reminded them to follow the teachings of
the Holy Prophet (PBUH) practically as
the ideal leader. He emphasized on the
ideals, teachings and principles of Islam.
He sought salvation through Islam. He
was awarded with many prominent social
Title of Sir was conferred in 1922
Member Punjab Legislative Council (1927-1930)
He delivered lectures on Islam in Aligarh, Hyderabad and Madras (1928-29).
At Allahabad, he presided over the meeting and delivered his famous address.
Iqbal residence in Hiedelberg,
Germany. He lived here in 1907.
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