<p>Polycythemia is a rare bone marrow disorder, which
causes the increase in the production of cells in the
blood, mainly red blood cells. The primary function of
the red blood cells is to carry oxygen to the different
parts of the body. This blood disorder affects more men
than women. The excess production of red blood cells
makes your blood too thick, which affects the normal
flow of blood in the body and may even lead to a stroke
or a heart attack. This disease develops gradually over a
time. With the increase in red blood cells, there may
also be an increase in the production of white red blood
cells and platelet count.
The most common cause of Polycythemia is genetic.
The patient of Polycythemia may have inherited a gene
called, JAK2, the function of this gene is to keep the
production of red blood cells and other blood cells
under control. However, the exact cause of
Polycythemia is not known. Here are some of the
common conditions that may increase the chance of
Lack of blood flow in the kidneys
The symptoms of Polycythemia can be easily treated if, detected early.
No proper treatment of Polycythemia in it early stage can lead to fatal
complications in future.
Symptoms of early Polycythemia
Swelling in joints
Symptoms of Polycythemia if left untreated in early stage
Deep vein thrombosis
Loss of blood supply to brain
The most common method of diagnosing Polycythemia
is a blood test. A doctor may refer a blood test known
as CBC (Complete Blood Count).
A complete blood test is performed by taking blood
samples from the patient's vein. The complete blood
test (CBC) evaluates the amount of red blood cells,
white blood cells and blood platelets.
Bone marrow biopsy is a procedure in which a sample of
bone marrow generally taken from the back of your
hipbone is observed under medical supervision.
The treatment of P