a word about
What is the Anti–HIVTest? When can it be taken?
Where can it be taken?
Following HIV infection, your body produces special antibodies to
fight the virus. The Anti–HIV Test measures these antibodies in the
blood using the ELISA method. Since the body takes a window
period of roughly three months to produce HIV–antibodies in
sufficient quantities to be detected, the test should be taken three
months after the date of possible infection.
A positive Anti–HIV test can only be confirmed (seropositive)
following a Western Blot test which should also be positive. The
Anti–HIV Test can be taken in the microbiological department of
any university hospital or other private or state hospital.
Is counselling available?
Advice can be sought in person or by telephone on a range of
issues including HIV transmission, the AIDS condition, methods of
protection, taking the test, patient care and treatment. Counselling
should be sought before taking the test and certainly afterwards.
Is there a treatment for HIV/AIDS?
There have been positive developments in the treatment of
HIV/AIDS. Since the HIV virus belongs to a special group known as
retroviruses, special anti–retroviral drugs have been developed.
Successful treatment can be managed using up to two or three
combinations of such drugs. The treatment aims to reduce the
presence of the virus in the blood to a minimum level, to reinforce
the immune system, to reduce the symptoms of HIV infection, to
improve the person’s quality of life and to lower rates of
AIDS–related mortality. The treatment should be under strict
medical supervision and it should not be interrupted. Although
most opportunistic infections can be treated this way, no complete
cure for AIDS has been found to date.
Can HIV be disinfected?
HIV in sperm or vaginal secretions can only survive for a matter of
a few hours outside of the body. In dried blood, the virus dies within
a very short period of time. HIV in the blood or bodily secretions o