Bruce Castle’s south facade
Bruce Castle (formerly the Lordship House)
is a Grade I listed 16th-century manor
house in Lordship Lane, Tottenham, London.
It is named after the House of Bruce who
formerly owned the land on which it is built.
Believed to lie on the site of an earlier build-
ing, about which little is known, the current
house is one of the oldest surviving English
brick houses. It was remodelled in the 17th,
18th and 19th centuries.
The house has been home to Sir William
Compton, Richard Sackville, the Barons Col-
eraine and Sir Rowland Hill, among others.
After serving as a school during the 19th cen-
tury, when a large extension was built to the
west, it was converted into a museum explor-
ing the history of the areas which constitute
the present London Borough of Haringey and
the history of the postal service. The building
also houses the archives of the London Bor-
ough of Haringey. Since 1892 the grounds
have been a public park, Tottenham’s oldest.
Origins of the name
The name Bruce Castle is derived from the
House of Bruce, who had historically owned a
third of the manor of Tottenham. However,
there was no castle in the area, and it is un-
likely that the family lived nearby. Upon
his accession to the Scottish throne, Robert I
of Scotland forfeited his lands in England, in-
cluding the Bruce holdings in Tottenham,
ending the connection between the Bruce
family and the area. The former Bruce land in
The earliest known depiction of the house;
detail of the 1619 Earl of Dorset’s Survey of
Tottenham. The Norman All Hallows Church
and priory, then as now the oldest surviving
buildings in the area, are also shown.
Tottenham was granted to Richard Spigurnell
and Thomas Hethe.
The three parts of the manor of Tottenham
were united in the early 15th century under
the Gedeney family and have remained
united since. In all early records, the build-
ing is referred to as the Lordship House. The
name Bruce Castle first appears to have been
adopted by Henry Hare, 2nd Baron Colera