Sample Oral Defense Announcement D-9
Name: Louise Cenatiempo
M.A. in Psychology, May, 1987, University of Missouri-St. Louis.
B.A. in Psychology, January, 1985,University of Missouri-St. Louis.
Defense of Dissertation Committee
Samuel Marwit, Ph.D. (Advisor)
Dennis Lisenby, Ph.D.
Suzanna Rose, Ph.D.
Nancy Shields, Ph.D.
Attachment Pattern and the Intergenerational Transmission of Violence Among Men Who
Date: July 14, 1992
Time: 11:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m.
Place: 233 Stadler Hall
This investigation is an exploratory study of attachment patterns among men who batter their
wives or paramours. It proposes that early relationships with attachment figures play an
important role in the etiology of battering. Thirty-one men who batter were drawn from three
batterer counseling programs in St. Louis and Columbia, Missouri. Twenty-nine nonviolent
comparison subjects were recruited from the St. Louis community. Variables suggested by
attachment and social learning theories were examined by logistic regression in order to identify
those variables that best discriminate batterers from nonbatterers. Historical data on early
relationships with parents and exposure to violent parental models were obtained along with
each subject's current attachment pattern (secure, anxious, or detached), which was assessed
with the Separation Anxiety Test (Hansburg, 1972). Highly significant differences in the
occurrence of attachment disturbance were found. Fifty-two percent of batterers showed
attachment disturbance compared to only 11% of comparison subjects.
A three-variable model was established by logistic regression and found to be highly efficient in
making correct classification decisions. Variables discriminating the two groups included abuse
by father in childhood, exposure to father violence against mother, and current relationship
discord. These indicators possessed good sensitivity and specificity; that is, 83% of batterers
and 86% of