This article is about the Alhambra in
Granada, Spain. For other meanings,
see: Alhambra (disambiguation).
Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzín,
UNESCO World Heritage Site
i, iii, iv
Europe and North America
1984 (8th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
** Region as classified by UNESCO.
The Alhambra (from Arabic ??????????? =
Al-Ħamrā’, literally "the red one"; the com-
plete name was ??????????? ???????????? =
al-Qal’at al-Ħamrā’ = "the red fortress") is a
palace and fortress complex of the Moorish
rulers of Granada in southern Spain (known
as Al-Andalus when the fortress was con-
structed during the mid 14th century), oc-
cupying a hilly terrace on the southeastern
border of the city of Granada.
Once the residence of the Muslim rulers of
Granada and their court, the Alhambra is
now one of Spain’s major tourist attractions
exhibiting the country’s most famous Islamic
architecture, together with Christian 16th
century and later interventions in buildings
and gardens that marked its image as it can
be seen today. Within the Alhambra, the
Palace of Charles V was erected by Charles
V, Holy Roman Emperor in 1527.
The terrace or plateau where the Alhambra
sits measures about 740 m (2430 ft) in length
by 205 m (674 ft) at its greatest width. It ex-
tends from WNW to ESE and covers an area
of about 142,000 m².
Its most westerly feature is the alcazaba
(citadel); a strongly fortified position. The
rest of the plateau comprises a number of
palaces, enclosed by a relatively weak forti-
fied wall, with thirteen towers, some defens-
ive and some providing vistas
The river Darro passes through a ravine
on the north and divides the plateau from the
Albaicín district of Granada. Similarly, the
Assabica valley, containing the Alhambra
Park on the west and south, and, beyond this
valley, the almost parallel ridge of Monte
Mauror, separate it from the Antequer