Conclusion of the American Civil War
The McLean house where Lee surrendered to
Grant on April 9, 1865.
This is a timeline of the conclusion of the
American Civil War which includes import-
ant battles, skirmishes, raids and other
events of 1865. These led to additional Con-
federate surrenders, key Confederate cap-
tures, and disbandments of Confederate mil-
itary units that occurred after Gen. Robert E.
Lee’s surrender on April 9, 1865.
The fighting of the Eastern Theater of the
American Civil War between Lt. Gen. Ulysses
S. Grant’s Army of the Potomac and Lee’s
Army of Northern Virginia was reported con-
siderably more often in the newspapers than
the battles of the Western Theater. Reporting
of the Eastern Theater skirmishes pretty
much dominated the newspapers as the Ap-
pomattox Campaign developed.
Lee’s army fought a series of battles in the
Appomattox Campaign against Grant that ul-
timately stretched thin his lines of defense.
Lee’s extended lines were mostly on small
sections of thirty miles of strongholds around
Richmond and Petersburg, Virginia. His
troops ultimately became exhausted defend-
ing this line because they were thinned out
too much. Grant then took advantage of the
situation and launched attacks on this thirty
mile and poorly defended front. This ulti-
mately led to the surrender of Lee and the
Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox.
The Army of Northern Virginia sur-
rendered on April 9 around noon followed by
Gen. St. John Richardson Liddell’s troops
some 6 hours later. Mosby’s raiders dis-
banded on April 21, Gen. Joseph E. Johnston
and his various armies surrendered on April
26, the Confederate departments of Alabama,
Mississippi and East Louisiana regiments
surrendered on May 4, and the Confederate
District of the Gulf, commanded by Maj. Gen.
Dabney H. Maury, surrendered on May 5.
Confederate president Jefferson Davis was
captured on May 10 and the Confederate De-
partments of Florida and South Georgia,
commanded by Confederate Maj. Gen.
Samuel Jones, surrendered the sa