History of Music in the Dominican Republic and its social impact
Music, dance, and rhythms have always been an important part of the Dominican Republic's
heritage. Political and economic transformations through Dominican history are mirrored in the
country's music tradition, which has had a significant role in shaping historical periods and shifts.
Dominicans can only be understood through music since it is the best way to understand their
country, life, and traditions. Music and dance have been used in different political contexts related
to social and national identity formation and maintenance. It has always been a part of every
The fusion of indigenous Taíno, European/Spanish, and West African customs and traditions
contributed to the development of the Dominican ethos. (Candelario, 2007) Due to cultural contact
between many different people and races from different continents and social classes, the
Dominican Republic is a home of musical genres of great diversity, deeply absorbed in people's
identity and culture. (Sagás, 2000) The history of the colonial era may clarify how the musical
genres have arisen and how they were used to express Dominican culture. Thus, the historical
context is necessary to understand Dominican identity and the role music plays in this
The Dominican Republic is widely known for its merengue and bachata musical genre. Both of
them are a powerful symbol of the country's national identity and immense cultural significance.
Both merengue and bachata have had a long and progressive career, developing from rural folk
idiom to transnational mass music
The true origin of merengue will never be known with certainty. All theories witness deep-rooted
feelings about Dominican identity since it connects national identity and music in a solid bond,
which endured through all merengue's history.
Merengue originated in the mid-nineteenth century in the Dominican Republic. It sustained a
regional diversity, varying in an instrument, st