Conflict of Interest
Increased involvement of academician in
research has raised potential of conflict of
Arises from oppourtunities a faculty or other
members might have to benefit financially from
the outcome of research.
Granting agencies wants assurance from the
institution that member involved in research will
not utilise the funds to promote financial gain for
themselves or for families.
Institution should have written policies
conflict of interest
to provide a mechanism for faculty and staff
to disclose such conflicts.
The institutional Conflict of Interest policy must
financial interests, gifts, gratuities and favors,
and other areas such as political participation
These rules must also indicate how outside
activities, relationships, and financial interests are
reviewed by the responsible and objective
In addition, the institution has the responsibility
for maintaining objectivity in research by ensuring
that the design, conduct, or reporting of research
will not be biased by any conflicting financial
interest of investigator
“Conflicts of interest are ubiquitous in academic life,
indeed all professional life; conflicts of interest can
never be eliminated. Moreover, the existence of
conflicts of interest has to be accepted and not
equated with scientific misconduct” (Korn 2000).
“Financial conflicts of interest are not inherent to the
research enterprise. They’re entirely optional –
unlike intellectual or personal conflicts of interest to
which they’re often compared” (Angell 2000)
What is a Conflict of Interest?
Situation in which the integrity of academic
activity, especially research, may be, or may be
perceived to be, compromised by financial or
A conflict of interest occurs when a secondary
interest distorts or has the potential to distort a
judgment related to a primary interest