CYBERSECURITY WE SHOULD
Staying one step ahead of the latest threats is tricky. Not
understanding technical terminology makes it even more difficult.
In this post, we define nine cybersecurity terms that you need to
know to stay safe and secure.
In these times, it can be very difficult to protect devices, data
privacy and, in general, our online world. Although there are many
reliable solutions for desktops and mobile devices, it is not so easy
to know where we are vulnerable if we are not familiar with the
jargon and acronyms that describe these incidents.
Here is a glossary of security terms that you should know to stay
Botnet: A botnet (from the fusion of "robot" and "network") is a
network of devices infected by an attacker. Whoever controls it can
use it, for example, to carry out DDoS attacks (see below), mine
Bitcoin and spread spam via email. Almost any device connected to
the Internet, including home routers, can be infected and
incorporated into a botnet without its owner ever realizing it.
Information Breach: An information breach occurs when a
company's network is under attack and valuable data is stolen,
typically personal information, login credentials, credit card details,
and social security numbers. This stolen data can be exploited in a
thousand ways: it can be ransomed (see Ransomware, below), it can
be sold on the dark web, or it can be used to make purchases. Often,
hackers try to decipher the passwords of email and then test to get
them on popular sites, since many people use the same credentials
for multiple accounts.
DDoS attack: Attacks DDoS (distributed denial of service) are
used to make an inoperative network. To do this, the target
machine is simply flooded with a massive number of requests from
numerous devices. The target's bandwidth is saturated, making
legitimate connections impossible. These attacks are usually carried
out by botnets (see above).
DNS attack: A "domain name server" attack i