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OCTOBER TERM, 2018
NOTE: Where it is feasible, a syllabus (headnote) will be released, as is
being done in connection with this case, at the time the opinion is issued.
The syllabus constitutes no part of the opinion of the Court but has been
prepared by the Reporter of Decisions for the convenience of the reader.
See United States v. Detroit Timber & Lumber Co., 200 U. S. 321, 337.
SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES
GAMBLE v. UNITED STATES
CERTIORARI TO THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR
THE ELEVENTH CIRCUIT
No. 17–646. Argued December 6, 2018—Decided June 17, 2019
Petitioner Gamble pleaded guilty to a charge of violating Alabama’s
felon-in-possession-of-a-firearm statute. Federal prosecutors then
indicted him for the same instance of possession under federal law.
Gamble moved to dismiss, arguing that the federal indictment was
for “the same offence” as the one at issue in his state conviction, thus
exposing him to double jeopardy under the Fifth Amendment. The
District Court denied this motion, invoking the dual-sovereignty doc-
trine, according to which two offenses “are not the ‘same offence’ ” for
double jeopardy purposes if “prosecuted by different sovereigns,”
Heath v. Alabama, 474 U. S. 82, 92. Gamble pleaded guilty to the
federal offense but appealed on double jeopardy grounds. The Elev-
enth Circuit affirmed.
Held: This Court declines to overturn the longstanding dual-
sovereignty doctrine. Pp. 3–31.
(a) The dual-sovereignty doctrine is not an exception to the double
jeopardy right but