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© UCLES 2008
UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS
General Certificate of Education Advanced Level
Paper 4 Data Response and Essay (Supplement)
2 hours 15 minutes
READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST
If you have been given an Answer Booklet, follow the instructions on the front cover of the Booklet.
Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in.
Write in dark blue or black pen.
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams, graphs or rough working.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
Answer Question 1.
Answer any two questions.
You may answer with reference to your own economy or other economies that you have studied where
relevant to the question.
At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.
© UCLES 2008
Answer this question.
Poverty and Economic Growth
At a time when there has been rapid economic growth in some parts of the world, there are many
countries in Africa in which severe poverty and infectious diseases are still widespread.
In dealing with the poverty in developing countries much is written about the need for aid from the
rich developed countries. The high profile given to aid hides the fact that financial, human and
other resources are continuously taken from developing countries by these wealthy nations which
are seeking their own economic growth.
Economic growth in the last 50 years has occurred at the same time as a widening gap both
between rich and poor people in a country and between rich and poor countries. Economic
growth and development should be reconsidered to include